Many animals migrate to Australia and its external territories, or pass though or over Australian waters during their annual migrations.
Protection of migratory species
Many migratory species listed under the international conventions and agreements Australia is party to are protected under the Australian Government's central piece of environmental legislation, the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC Act).
- Three sharks listed as migratory species under the EPBC Act
- Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation of Migratory Sharks
- Migratory waterbirds
- Seabirds including petrels
- Seabird bycatch (Southern Ocean ecosystems)
Bird and bat banding
The Australian Government under the auspices of the Australian Bird and Bat Banding Scheme (ABBBS) manages the collation of information on threatened and migratory bird and bat species.
International conventions and agreements
Australia is party to international conventions and agreements to protect many migratory species.
- Japan-Australia Migratory Bird Agreement (JAMBA)
- China-Australia Migratory Bird Agreement (CAMBA)
- Republic of Korea - Australia Migratory Bird Agreement (ROKAMBA)
- Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals - (Bonn Convention)
Australia became the 14th country to sign the Sharks MoU, signing on 4 February 2011