Ozone

Ozone science research and resources

Ozone Science Strategy

Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities
September 2012

Download the Strategy

Goal

To support ozone research in Australia that is both coordinated nationally and contributes to better understanding globally of ozone protection activities and accomplishments

Situation

Articles 3 and 4 of the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer sets out obligations to encourage and ensure ozone science research at the national level. The Conference of the Parties of the Vienna Convention keeps ozone science under regular review and considers the outcomes of key ozone research meetings including those of Ozone Research Managers and the quadrennial ozone assessments undertaken by the Scientific Assessment Panel.

Stratospheric ozone research and data collection in Australia is carried out by a number of different institutions, including the Bureau of Meteorology (BoM), the Australian Antarctic Division (AAD) (both DSEWPAC portfolio agencies), CSIRO, ARPANSA and various universities.  Significant efforts to coordinate and make use of existing data collections and expertise and to publish data and findings are required.  Southern hemisphere observation points are sparse and Australian observations are essential for global emission and trend analysis, and as inputs to global assessments.  The overall level of funding for ozone science in Australia is low, which requires a strategic approach to ensure research undertaken is as relevant and effective as possible. Linkages between climate change and ozone protection, and stratospheric and tropospheric processes are current areas of international focus.

Department role

The Department (currently the Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities) has responsibility for national implementation of the Vienna Convention and its Montreal Protocol.  Its primary means of so doing is through the Ozone Protection and Synthetic Greenhouse Gas Management Act 1989. The Act does not make any specific reference to legislating ozone science research in Australia, but one of the purposes of the Ozone Protection and SGG Account (Section 65D) includes “paying or reimbursing the Commonwealth’s costs associated with research relating to (i) substances that deplete ozone in the atmosphere; or (ii) synthetic greenhouse gases”.

In light of the situation and the requirements of the Act, the Department will:

To do this, the Department will undertake the following activities:

Consultation

In undertaking these activities, the Department will consult closely with independent ozone research interests in Australia, New Zealand and internationally, with other portfolio agencies such as the Australian Antarctic Division and the Bureau of Meteorology, with other Government agencies, such as CSIRO, the Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency and the Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Authority and with other stakeholders (such as industry) as required.

Funding

Administration and implementation of this policy will be undertaken by the Ozone and Synthetic Greenhouse Gas Policy Section of the Department. It is envisaged that 0.2 FTE will be sufficient for the administration and implementation of this policy.  Funding for implementation of the policy is expected to be around $15,000 per annum for most years, including funding for the top-up scholarship, travel, communication activities etc.  In the year when the quadrennial Scientific Assessment Panel report is being prepared, funding may increase to $40,000 per annum.  Funding will be sourced from the Ozone Protection and SGG Account.

Separately, the Department and CSIRO are cooperating on research on emissions of ozone depleting substances from Australia and atmospheric concentrations of these substances.  This research is reviewed annually and is put into the public domain for scientific and public use.

Indicators of success

It is difficult to determine indicators of success that can be solely attributed to implementation of the Ozone Science Strategy. However, some indication of success could be: the number of joint activities undertaken by Australian scientists, participation and interest in ozone science group meetings, joint papers published by Australian ozone scientists, Australian science contributions to reports of the Scientific Assessment Panel and new scientists studying ozone science.  Qualitative measures of success (eg ozone scientist satisfaction with implementation of the strategy) will provide some indication of success.

Communication

This strategy, its accomplishments, and those of Australian scientists working on stratospheric ozone science will be communicated to interested stakeholders and the public by the Department via its departmental website, at a minimum. The Department will also look for opportunities to promote the outcomes of the strategy both nationally and internationally as circumstances permit and will work to ensure better recognition of the Strategy as an activity supporting broader portfolio goals.

Review

The Strategy will next be reviewed in 2016 to provide accountability to stakeholders and the Australian public and to ensure continuing relevance of its activities.

Related information

See more information on elements of the Ozone Science Strategy relating to the Ozone Science Group and the Department’s top-up scholarship.